Published on October 2nd, 2015 | by Michaelw0
Diabetes: The Leading Danger Element For Kidney Patients
Each year in the US, more than 100,000 people are diagnosed with kidney failure, and the most common cause remains diabetes. Even when diabetes gets controlled, the disease can lead to kidney failure. It remains a serious condition in which kidney fails to get rid of body waste. People suffering from kidney failure either undergo dialysis or transplant, if they are able to find a donor.
Special care and diet has to be given to patients suffering from nephropathy.
Now let us take a look at the symptoms, causes and treatment to be followed by a diabetic nephropathy patient.
Different types of diabetes
Type 1 and Type 2 are the most common types of diabetes.
- Type 1 diabetes is usually found in children and it is called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus.
In Type 1, your pancreas won’t make enough insulin, forcing you to take the insulin injection rest of your life.
- Type 2 diabetes is very common among people above 40 years of age.
With Type 2 diabetes, your pancreas would make insulin, but your body doesn’t utilize it properly. The high blood sugar level can be controlled by following proper medicines and specific diabetes diet. But still some patients will require to take insulin.
How diabetes affect the kidneys
The small blood vessels of diabetic patients are injured and your kidneys won’t be able to clean your blood properly. Your body will retain more water and salt through which you will gain weight and will suffer ankle swelling. Waste materials will be built up in your blood. It will cause difficulty in emptying your bladder and the pressure from your full urinary bladder can injure your kidneys. Also, if urine remain for a long time in your bladder, this may cause infection.
What is diabetic nephropathy
Diabetic nephropathy is complicated and it occurs in some people with diabetes. In this condition, the filter of the kidney will become damaged and the kidney will leak abnormal amount of protein from the blood into the urine. The protein that leaks from the kidney is called albumin. In normal kidney, only a small amount of albumin is found in urine. An increased level of albumin in urine will remain the first sign showing your kidneys have been damaged due to diabetes.
Diabetic kidney disease depends on how much albumin is lost through the kidneys. Microalbuminuria is the stage when the amount of albumin gets leaked between 30 and 300mg per day into the urine. Proteinuria is the stage when the amount of albumin gets leaked more than 300mg into the urine.
Keep on reading: Part 2 Latest breakthroughs in Diabetic Nephropathy treatment